631K and 637K Wheel Tractor-Scraper Systems Relief Valve (Scraper Bowl) - Test and Adjust Caterpillar


Relief Valve (Scraper Bowl) - Test and Adjust
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1.1. Specifications
2.1. Introduction
3.1. Tooling Required
4.1. Test Preparation
5.1. Test Preparation
6.1. Test Procedure
7.1. Adjustment Procedure

Specifications

Table 1
Bowl Line Relief Pressure 
Date  Equipment ID Code 
  Pressure Specification  Actual 
High Idle  25800 ± 690 kPa (3742 ± 100 psi)   

Introduction

Note: It is not necessary to perform this test on both the relief valve (scraper bowl) and the relief valve (ejector). When the bowl is set, the ejector will be set.

This test will check the bowl relief valve pressure. The Implement relief pressure is the deference between the pump supply pressure and the implement tank return pressure.

Tooling Required



Illustration 1g01623868
Tooling (B)

Table 2
Tool  Item  Part Number  Description  Qty 
198-4240  Digital Pressure Indicator Gp   
  B1  198-4234  Digital Indicator 
  B2  251-9600  Pressure Sensor Gp (0 to 68,900 kPa (0 to 10,000 psi)) 
B3 198-4236  Adapter Cable As 

Test Preparation

  1. Move the machine to a smooth, horizontal location. Move the machine away from other operating machines and away from personnel. Place the transmission direction control switch in the NEUTRAL position. Engage the parking brake. Lower the bowl to the ground. Retract the ejector cylinder and disengage the cushion hitch. Shut off the engine and turn the engine start switch to the ON position. Place chocks in front of the wheels and behind the wheels.


    NOTICE

    Perform the following steps prior to the pilot pressure diminishing. The procedure should be performed no more than 1/2 hour after the engine has been shut off.


  2. Move the control levers through the full range of travel. This movement of the levers will relieve any pressure that may be present in the hydraulic system. Turn the engine start switch to the OFF position.

  3. Slowly loosen the filler cap for the hydraulic oil tank in order to release the pressure.


NOTICE

Perform the following steps prior to the pilot pressure diminishing. The procedure should be performed no more than 1/2 hour after the engine has been shut off.


Test Preparation



    Illustration 2g06217860
    View of the rear of the gooseneck assembly
    (1) Drain to hydraulic tank tap
    (2) Pump pressure tap

  1. Remove the dust cover from pump pressure tap (2). Install a pressure sensor (B) onto pump pressure tap (2).

  2. Remove the dust cover from drain to hydraulic tank tap (1). Install pressure sensor (B) onto drain to hydraulic tank tap (1).

Test Procedure

  1. Warm the engine up to the normal operating temperature.

  2. Slowly raise the bowl to the fully raised position and bring the engine to a HIGH IDLE. Hold the control joystick in the BOWL RAISE position. The bowl raise relief pressure shall be 25800 ± 690 kPa (3742 ± 100 psi).

Adjustment Procedure



    Illustration 3g06217867
    View of implement control valve
    (3) Adjustment screw
    (4) Lock nut

  1. If the relief pressure is set to low, then loosen lock nut (4) and turn adjustment screw (3) clockwise. Turn the set screw until the relief valve pressure is 25800 ± 690 kPa (3742 ± 100 psi). Then tighten lock nut (4), and check the relief valve pressure again.

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