Personal injury can result from hot coolant, steam and alkali.
At operating temperature, engine coolant is hot and under pressure. The radiator and all lines to heaters or the engine contain hot coolant or steam. Any contact can cause severe burns.
Remove cooling system pressure cap slowly to relieve pressure only when engine is stopped and cooling system pressure cap is cool enough to touch with your bare hand.
Do not attempt to tighten hose connections when the coolant is hot, the hose can come off causing burns.
Cooling System Coolant Additive contains alkali. Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
Care must be taken to ensure that fluids are contained during performance of inspection, maintenance, testing, adjusting, and repair of the machine. Be prepared to collect the fluid with suitable containers before opening any compartment or disassembling any component containing fluids.
Dispose of all fluids according to local regulations and mandates.
Mixing ELC with other products reduces the effectiveness of the ELC and shortens the ELC service life. Use only AVSpare products or commercial products that have passed the AVSpare EC-1 specification for premixed or concentrate coolants. Use only AVSpare ELC Extender with AVSpare ELC. Failure to follow these recommendations can result in shortened cooling system component life.
Some engines utilize Extended Life Coolant (ELC).
Reference: See the Operation and Maintenance Manual, "Maintenance Interval Schedule" for the proper service interval.
If an ELC was previously used, flush the cooling system with clean water. No other cleaning agents are required.
Change the engine coolant more frequently if you find any of the following conditions:
- The cooling system is heavily contaminated.
- The engine overheats.
- You observe foaming in the radiator.
- Fuel has contaminated the cooling system.
- The cooling system contains non-AVSpare products.
It is important to replace the water temperature regulator in order to avoid unexpected failure. This is a good preventive maintenance practice that reduces the chances of unscheduled downtime.
Operating a machine with a faulty temperature regulator can cause severe engine damage due to overheating of the engine or overcooling of the engine.
Failure to replace the water temperature regulator on a regularly scheduled basis could cause severe engine damage.
Note: In a situation that only requires the water temperature regulator to be replaced, drain the coolant from the cooling system so that the level of the coolant is below the regulator housing.
- Slowly loosen the radiator cap in order to relieve system pressure. Remove the radiator cap.
Illustration 2 g00991973
- The access plate for the drain hose is located at the rear of the machine under the bottom radiator guard. Remove the bolts and the access plate.
- Pull the drain hose for the radiator from the opening.
- The drain valve is under the radiator. Open the drain valve. Allow the coolant to drain into a suitable container.
- Close the drain valve. Fill the system with a solution which consists of clean water and of cooling system cleaner. The concentration of the cooling system cleaner should be 6 to 10 percent.
- Start the engine. Run the engine for 90 minutes. Stop the engine. Drain the cleaning solution into a suitable container.
- While the engine is stopped, flush the system with water. Flush the system until the draining water is clear.
- Close the drain valve. Replace the drain hose and the access plate.
- Add the coolant solution.
- Start the engine. Run the engine without the radiator cap until the thermostat opens and the coolant level stabilizes.
- Maintain the coolant level within
13 mm (.5 inches)of the bottom of the filler pipe.
- If the gasket is damaged, replace the radiator cap. Install the radiator cap.
- Stop the engine.