If equipped with an air inlet heater (AIH) for cold weather starting, do not use aerosol types of starting aids such as ether. Such use could result in an explosion and personal injury.
If the start switch key is turned to the OFF position before attempting to start the engine, or if the engine does not start, allow the heater element to cool for one minute before the next attempt to start the engine. Do not crank the engine for more than 30 seconds. Allow the starter to cool for two minutes before cranking again.
Indicator for the air inlet heater
Turn the engine start switch to the ON position.
Prior to starting the engine, the alert indicator in the monitoring system will come on during heating. When the alert indicator goes off, turn the engine start switch to the START position in order to start the engine.
Release the engine start switch key when the engine starts.
The time that is required for preheating (10 to 30 seconds) depends on the coolant temperature. When the coolant temperature is above
Note: If the ambient temperature is above
Extended Postheat Cycle (if equipped) - Push switch (1) in order to extend the postheat cycle for another 30 seconds.
The postheat cycle begins when the engine starts. When the postheat cycle is complete, the operator may push switch (1) in order to extend the postheat cycle by 30 seconds. This will aid in smoothing a rough running engine or in eliminating white smoke.
Excessive ether can cause piston and ring damage. Use ether for cold starting purposes only.
A starting aid may be required during cold weather operation. Ether will automatically be injected by the engine control module when the ambient conditions call for a starting aid.
Starting Aid - If the engine will not start, more ether may be necessary. While you crank the engine, depress ether starting aid switch (2) in order to manually inject a premeasured amount of ether into the air intake. Switch (2) will be disabled when the air inlet temperature and the engine speed reach a certain level.
Reference: For more information, refer to Operation and Maintenance Manual, "Engine Starting".
Do not engage the parking brake while the machine is moving unless the service brake fails. The use of the parking brake as a service brake in regular operation will cause severe damage to the parking brake.
Parking Brake - Parking brake knob (3) is located to the right of the steering column. Use the parking brake after the machine has been stopped.
Pull knob (3) outward in order to engage the parking brake. Push knob (3) inward in order to disengage the parking brake.
If the brakes lose oil pressure, alert indicator (3A) will flash and an action alarm will sound.
Anticipate a sudden stop. Correct the cause of the loss of oil pressure. Do not operate the machine without normal brake oil pressure.
The action light will also flash when the lights on the monitoring system flash.
Moving the machine with the parking brake engaged can cause excessive wear or damage to the brake.
If necessary, have the brake repaired before operating the machine.
Location on earlier machines
Location on later machines
OFF (4A) - When you insert the engine start switch key and when you remove the engine start switch key, the engine start switch must be in the OFF position. To disconnect the power to the electrical circuits in the cab, turn the engine start switch to the OFF position. Also, turn the engine start switch to the OFF position in order to stop the engine.
ON (4B) - To activate the electrical circuits in the cab, turn the engine start switch key clockwise to the ON position.
START (4C) - To start the engine, turn the engine start switch clockwise to the START position. When the engine start switch key is released, the engine start switch will return to the ON position.
Note: If the engine fails to start, return the engine start switch to the OFF position. This must be done before you attempt to start the engine again.
The transmission direction control switch is located on the hand control that is attached to the steering wheel.
FORWARD (5A) - Move the trigger switch to the left. The machine will move in forward.
NEUTRAL (5B) - Move the trigger switch to the center position. The machine should not move.
REVERSE (5C) - Move the trigger switch to the right. The machine will move in reverse.
The selector switches for the transmission gear speed are located on the hand control that is attached to the steering wheel.
Push upshift switch (5D) in order to shift the machine into the next highest gear.
Push downshift switch (5E) in order to shift the machine into the next lowest gear.
1 - First Speed
2 - Second Speed
3 - Third Speed
4 - Fourth Speed
The travel direction and the transmission gear speed will be displayed on the front dash.
The travel direction of the machine is determined by using the lever on the left side of the steering column.
Forward (5F) - Move the lever toward the front of the machine. The machine will move forward.
Neutral (5G) - Move the lever to the center position. The machine should not move.
Reverse (5H) - Move the lever toward the rear of the machine. The machine will move in reverse.
The transmission gear speed is determined by rotating the switch on the direction selector lever.
1 - First Gear
2 - Second Gear
3 - Third Gear
4 - Fourth Gear
The travel direction and the transmission gear speed will be displayed on the front dash.
Command control steering
A turn signal lever may be mounted on the steering column.
Directional Turn Signal (6) - To activate the left turn signal, push the turn signal lever forward to position (6A). To activate the right turn signal, pull the turn signal lever rearward to position (6B). Move the turn signal lever to the center position in order to deactivate either turn signal.
An indicator light on the front dash panel will flash when the turn signal is activated.
Use the left brake pedal or the right brake pedal to slow down the machine's ground speed. The machine will slow down more as the pedal is depressed farther.
The left brake pedal also controls the transmission neutralizer if the function is activated.
Reference: For more information, refer to Operation and Maintenance Manual, "Transmission Neutralizer Override Control".
Engage - Depress either brake pedal in order to slow down the machine. Fully depressing either brake pedal will stop the machine completely.
Disengage - Release the brake pedal in order to accelerate from a slower speed. If the machine is completely stopped, releasing the brake pedal will allow machine movement to resume.
Use the right brake pedal in order to slow down the machine's ground speed for normal braking. The right brake pedal will only function as a conventional brake pedal.
The right service brake pedal should be used when the operator does not wish to have the transmission downshift aggressively. The right pedal is normally used when standard downshifting is adequate. This is based on the rpm of the engine and the ground speed of the machine. The transmission will remain in the current gear if the autoshift switch is in the MANUAL position. The transmission will downshift if the autoshift switch is in the AUTOMATIC position.
The left brake pedal can be used as a conventional brake pedal as well as a downshift switch for the transmission in order to slow the machine. The left brake pedal can be used in order to downshift the transmission when the machine is travelling downhill regardless of the position of the autoshift switch. This will save wear on the service brakes.
The left brake pedal is recommended for most conditions when adequate traction is available.
The left brake pedal controls the downshifting of the transmission, the neutralizing of the transmission, and the application of the service brakes. These functions depend on the position of the left brake pedal.
During the initial travel of the left brake pedal, the transmission will be downshifted. Each downshift of the transmission will reduce the speed of the machine. The transmission will be downshifted at higher travel speeds. The transmission will only downshift if an engine overspeed will not occur. The transmission will only shift between the speeds that are selected with the autoshift switch.
The transmission will also be neutralized when the left service brake is depressed further and the machine speed has been reduced to a preset speed. The service brakes are then applied.
The transmission will be engaged again after the left brake pedal is released two degrees from the maximum pedal position. This will only happen if the transmission was neutralized. The service brakes will still be applied. This will allow the transmission to be engaged when the brakes are applied. This will help to prevent unwanted movement while you are on a slope.
Note: You should wait for at least one second after releasing the left brake pedal for two degrees before completely releasing the pedal. This will allow the transmission to fully engage.
Fully depressing the left pedal will neutralize the transmission again.
When the left pedal is released, the transmission will return to normal operation. The transmission will upshift to the previously selected gear speed.
To adjust the steering column, pull up on steering column tilt lever (8) and move the steering column to the desired position. Release lever (8) in order to lock the steering column in the desired position.
This control is available on machines which are equipped with command control steering.
Rotate lever (9) counterclockwise in order to move the steering wheel to the desired height. Rotate lever (9) clockwise in order to lock the steering wheel in the desired position.
For information on the individual functions of the work tool controls, refer to the following topics in the Operation and Maintenance Manual:
- “Operator Controls (Pilot Hydraulic Work Tool Controls)”
- “Operator Controls (Electro-Hydraulic Work Tool Controls)”
Increasing the Speed - Depress pedal (11) in order to increase the engine speed. If the brakes are not engaged, the machine's ground speed will also increase.
Decreasing the Speed - Release pedal (11) in order to decrease the engine speed. If the brakes are not engaged, the machine's ground speed will also decrease.